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Data Communication & Network Maximize

Data Communication & Network

Pravesh Kumar Singh & Alka Bajpai

ISBN – 9789351634799

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UPTU2015/MBA/4/04

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MBA Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU), Fourth Semester
Syllabus
 
NMBA IT 03: DATA COMMUNICATION & NETWORK
 
Maximum Hours: 40
 
 
Unit-I                                                                                                                                      (8 Sessions)
Fundamentals of Communication System; Communication Links, Communication System Formats; Character Codes, Digital Data Rates; Asynchronous and Synchronous Data. Types of signals: AM; FM; PM; PCM; PDM; TDMA; FDMA; SDMA; CDMA; ASK; FSK; PSK Features: Error Detection and Correction Codes; Hamming Codes.
 
Unit-II                                                                                                                                     (8 Sessions)
LAN Topologies: Workstation; Server; Cables; Types of Ethernet; Broadband and Base-Band; Optical Fibers; Network Interface Card.
 
Unit-III                                                                                                                                   (8 Sessions)
Networks and Accessories: LAN, MAN, WAN; Hub; Bridges; Switches; Routers; Gateways Cell Relay; Frame Relay; ISDN; B-ISDN.
 
Unit-IV                                                                                                                                   (8 Sessions)
OSI Model; Broadcasting; Multicasting; Point-to-Point Communication; IP Addressing, Concepts of Port; Socket; ATM; Tunneling; Virtual Private Network. Network Operating Systems: Unix; Linux; Windows.
 
Unit-V                                                                                                                                     (8 Sessions)
Mobile Communication: Applications of Mobile Communication; Wireless Communication: Bandwidth, Transmission Impairment, Interference, Terrestrial Microwave, Broadcast Radio, Infrared & Light Waves, Mobile Internet & WML: Mobile IP, Wireless TCP& UDP, WAP, WML.
Unit 1: Fundamentals of Communication System
1.1.         Communication System
9
1.1.1.      Introduction
9
1.1.2.      Characteristics of Communication System
9
1.1.3.      Components of Communication System
9
1.1.4.      Data and Signals
10
1.1.4.1.   Data Representations
10
1.1.4.2.   Signal Representation
11
1.1.5.      Communication Links
12
1.1.5.1.   Communication Channel
12
1.1.5.2.   Features of Communication Channel
13
1.1.6.      Communication System Formats
13
1.1.6.1.   Character Codes
13
1.1.6.2.   ASCII Codes
13
1.1.6.3.   EBCDI Codes
14
1.1.7.      Transmissions
15
1.1.8.      Serial Data Formats
15
1.1.8.1.   Synchronous Data
15
1.1.8.2.   Asynchronous Data
16
1.1.8.3.   Transmission Efficiency
17
1.1.9.      Transmission Impairments
18
1.1.10.    Digital Data Rates
18
1.1.10.1.                Nyquist Bit Rate for Noiseless Channel
19
1.1.10.2.                Channel Capacity for Noisy Channel
19
1.1.11.    Coding Mechanism
20
1.1.12.    Modulation
22
1.1.12.1.                Types of Modulation
23
1.1.12.2.                Continuous Wave Modulation
23
1.1.12.3.                Pulse Digital Modulation
24
1.1.12.4.                Digital Modulation Techniques
27
1.1.13.    Multiplexing
30
1.1.13.1.                Access Techniques
30
1.1.13.2.                Space Division Multiple Access (SDMA)
30
1.1.13.3.                Frequency Division Multiple Access                (FDMA)
31
1.1.13.4.                Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
32
1.1.13.5.                Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
34
1.2.         Error Detection and Correction Code
34
1.2.1.      Introduction
34
1.2.2.      Types of Errors
35
1.2.3.      Error Handling
35
1.2.4.      Error Detection
35
1.2.4.1.   Vertical Redundancy Checking (VRC) or      Parity Checking
36
1.2.4.2.   Longitudinal Redundancy Checking               (LRC)
38
1.2.4.3.   Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) or              Block Check Characters
40
1.2.4.4.   Checksum
42
1.2.5.      Error Correction
43
1.2.5.1.   Single-Bit Error Correction
44
1.2.5.2.   Hamming Codes
45
1.2.5.3.   Burst Error Correction
48
1.3.         Exercise
49
 
 
Unit 2: LAN Topologies
2.1.         LAN Topologies
50
2.1.1.      Introduction
50
2.1.2.      Types of Topology
50
2.1.3.      Bus Topology
50
2.1.4.      Ring Topology
51
2.1.5.      Star Topology
51
2.1.6.      Tree Topology
52
2.2.         Basic Components of LAN
52
2.2.1.      Server
53
2.2.2.      Workstation
54
2.2.3.      Transmission Media
54
2.2.3.1.   Bounded/Guided Media
55
2.2.3.2.   Coaxial Cables
55
2.2.3.3.   Twisted Pair
57
2.2.3.4.   Optical Fiber
59
2.2.3.5.   Difference between Fiber Optics, Twisted       Pair and Coaxial Cable
62
2.2.4.      LAN Transmission Options
62
2.2.4.1.   Broadband LANs
62
2.2.4.2.   Baseband LANs
63
2.2.4.3.   Baseband vs. Broadband
64
2.3.         IEEE Standards
64
2.3.1.      IEEE 802.3: Ethernet
65
2.3.2.      Frame Format of Ethernet
66
2.3.3.      Standard Ethernet/Ethernet Cabling
66
2.3.4.      Manchester Encoding
68
2.3.5.      Advantages of Ethernet
68
2.3.6.      Disadvantages of Ethernet
68
2.3.7.      Types of Ethernet
68
2.3.7.1.   Fast Ethernet
68
2.3.7.2.   Gigabit Ethernet
71
2.3.7.3.   10GB Ethernet
71
2.4.         Network Interface Card (NIC)
72
2.4.1.      Components of NIC
72
2.4.2.      Functions of NIC
72
2.4.3.      Types of NIC
73
2.4.4.      Advantages of NIC
73
2.4.5.      Disadvantages of NIC
73
2.5.         Exercise
73
 
 
Unit 3: Networks and Accessories
3.1.         Networks and Accessories
74
3.1.1.      Introduction
74
3.1.2.      Goals of Networks
74
3.1.3.      Applications of Networks
74
3.1.4.      Structure of Networks
75
3.1.5.      Network Criteria
76
3.1.6.      Advantages of Networks
76
3.1.7.      Disadvantages of Networks
77
3.2.         Categories of Networks
77
3.2.1.      Local Area Network (LAN)
77
3.2.2.      Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
78
3.2.3.      Wide Area Network (WAN)
79
3.2.4.      Difference between LAN, MAN & WAN
80
3.3.         Networking Devices
80
3.3.1.      NIC (Network Interface Card)
80
3.3.2.      Hubs
80
3.3.2.1.   Types of HUB
81
3.3.2.2.   Advantages of Hub
82
3.3.2.3.   Disadvantage of Hub
83
3.3.3.      Repeaters
83
3.3.3.1.   Types of Repeaters
83
3.3.3.2.   Advantages of Repeaters
84
3.3.3.3.   Disadvantages of Repeaters
84
3.3.4.      Bridges
84
3.3.4.1.   Types of Bridges
85
3.3.4.2.   Transparent Bridges
85
3.3.4.3.   Source-Route Bridges
88
3.3.4.4.   Translational Bridges
89
3.3.4.5.   Advantages of Bridges
89
3.3.4.6.   Disadvantages of Bridges
89
3.3.5.      Routers
89
3.3.5.1.   Types of Router
90
3.3.5.2.   Advantages of Routers
90
3.3.5.3.   Disadvantages of Routers
91
3.3.6.      Switches
91
3.3.6.1.   Types of Switches
91
3.3.6.2.   Switching Techniques
91
3.3.6.3.   Circuit Switching
91
3.3.6.4.   Message Switching
92
3.3.6.5.   Packet Switching
92
3.3.6.6.   Advantages of Switches
94
3.3.6.7.   Disadvantages of Switches
94
3.3.7.      Gateways
95
3.3.7.1.   Types of Gateways
95
3.3.7.2.   Advantages of Gateway
95
3.3.7.3.   Disadvantage of Gateway
95
3.4.         Integrated Services Digital Network                 (ISDN)
96
3.4.1.      Introduction
96
3.4.2.      Features of ISDN
96
3.4.3.      ISDN Interface
96
3.4.4.      ISDN Channels
96
3.4.5.      ISDN Specifications
97
3.4.6.      ISDN Services
98
3.4.7.      Types of ISDN
98
3.4.7.1.   N-ISDN
98
3.4.7.2.   B-ISDN
99
3.5.         Exercise
100
Unit 4: Reference Model and Network Operating System
4.1.         Reference Models
101
4.1.1.      OSI Model
101
4.1.1.1.   Terminology
101
4.1.1.2.   Layers in the OSI Model
103
4.1.1.3.   Functions of OSI Layers
103
4.1.1.4.   Protocol Stack
107
4.1.2.      Internet Model ?TCP/IP?
107
4.1.2.1.   Functionality of TCP/IP-Layers
107
4.1.2.2.   Protocol Stack
108
4.1.2.3.   Port
108
4.1.2.4.   Socket
109
4.1.3.      Comparison between ISO-OSI and TCP/       IP Models
110
4.2.         Transmission Services
111
4.2.1.      Broadcasting
111
4.2.2.      Multicasting
112
4.2.3.      Point-to-Point Communication
113
4.3.         IP Addresseing
115
4.3.1.      IP Address Format
115
4.3.2.      IP Address Classes
115
4.3.3.      Subnetting
116
4.3.4.      Subnet Mask
116
4.4.         ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode)
117
4.4.1.      Introduction
117
4.4.2.      Types of ATM Services
118
4.4.3.      ATM Protocol Architecture
118
4.4.4.      ATM Logical Connections/Virtual   Channel Connection
121
4.4.5.      ATM Cells
121
4.4.5.1.   ATM Cell Header Formats
122
4.4.5.2.   Transmission of ATM Cells
122
4.5.         Tunneling
123
4.5.1.      Introduction
123
4.5.2.      Need of Tunneling
124
4.5.3.      Advantages of Tunneling
124
4.6.         Virtual Private Network
125
4.6.1.      Introduction
125
4.6.2.      Types of VPN
125
4.6.3.      Features of VPN
126
4.6.4.      Security in VPN
126
4.6.5.      Advantages of VPN
127
4.6.6.      Disadvantages of VPN
127
4.7.         Network Operating System
128
4.7.1.      Introduction
128
4.7.2.      UNIX
128
4.7.2.1.   Features of UNIX
129
4.7.2.2.   Components of UNIX
130
4.7.3.      LINUX
131
4.7.3.1.   Features of LINUX
131
4.7.3.2.   System Components of LINUX
132
4.7.4.      Windows
132
4.7.4.1.   Features of Windows
133
4.7.4.2.   Components of Windows
134
4.8.         Exercise
136
 
 
Unit 5: Wireless and Mobile Communication
5.1.         Mobile/Wireless Communication
137
5.1.1.      Introduction
137
5.1.2.      Elements of Wireless Communication            System
138
5.1.3.      Types of Wireless Systems
139
5.1.4.      Advantages of Wireless Communication
139
5.1.5.      Disadvantages of Wireless                 Communication
139
5.1.6.      Applications of Wireless Communication
140
5.2.         Wireless Transmission
141
5.2.1.      Introduction
141
5.2.2.      Broadcast Radio Waves
142
5.2.3.      Infra-Red Waves
143
5.2.4.      Light Wave Transmission
143
5.2.5.      Micro-Waves
144
5.2.5.1.   Terrestrial Microwaves Transmission
144
5.2.5.2.   Satellite Communication
146
5.2.6.      Design Factors for Transmission Medium      and Signals
148

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Data Communication & Network

Data Communication & Network

Pravesh Kumar Singh & Alka Bajpai

ISBN – 9789351634799

Write your review