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Pharmacology & Toxicology (PCI, D.PHARM, 2 Year) Maximize

Pharmacology & Toxicology (PCI, D.PHARM, 2 Year)

Dr. Prashant Kumar, Umesh Kumar, Amit Pratap Singh

ISBN No.- 978-93-88280-78-5

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PCI/ D.PHARM/2/3

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Syllabus

2.3-PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY

Theory (75 Hours)

Introduction to Pharmacology, Scope of Pharmacology

Routes of administration of drugs, their advantages and disadvantages. Various processes of absorption of drugs and the factors affecting them. Metabolism, distribution and excretion of drugs.

 General mechanism of drugs action and their factors which modify drugs action. Pharmacological classification of drugs. The discussion of drugs should emphasise the following aspects:

 Drugs Acting on the Central Nervous System:

General anaesthetics- adjunction to anaesthesia, intravenous anaesthetics.

Analgesic antipyretics and non-steroidal.

Anti-inflammatory drugs- Narcotic analgesics.

Antirheumatic and anti-gout remedies.

Sedatives and Hypnotics, psychopharmacological agents, anticonvulsants, analeptics.

Centrally acting muscle relaxants and anti parkinsonism agents.

Local anesthetics.

Drugs acting on autonomic nervous system.

Cholinergic drugs, Anticholinergic drugs, anticholinesterase drugs.

Adrenergic drugs and adrenergic receptor blockers.

Neurone blockers and ganglion blockers.

Neuromuscular blockers, used in myasthenia gravis.

Drugs acting on eye – Mydriatics, drugs used in glaucoma.

 Drugs Acting on Respiratory System

Respiratory stimulants, Bronchodilators, Nasal decongestants, Expectorants and Antitussive agents.

 utocoids: Physiological role of histamine and serotonin, Histamine and Antihistamines, prostaglandins.

Cardio Vascular Drugs: Cardiotonics, Antiarrhythmic agents, Anti-anginal agents, Antihypertensive agents, peripheral Vasodilators and drugs used in atherosclerosis.

 Drugs acting on the blood and blood forming organs. Haematinics, coagulants and anticoagulants, Haemostatic , Blood substitutes and plasma expanders.

 Drugs Affecting Renal Function: Diuretics and anti-diuretics.

 Hormones and Hormone Antagonists: Hypoglycemic agents, Anti-thyroid drugs, sex hormones and oral contraceptives, corticosteroids.

 Drugs Acting on Digestive System: Carminatives, digest ants, Bitters, Antacids and drugs used in peptic ulcer, purgatives, and laxatives, Antidiarrohoeals, Emetics, Anti-emetics, Antispasmodics.

 Chemotherapy of Microbial Diseases: Urinary antiseptics, sulphonamides, penicillin, streptomycin, Tetracyclines and other antibiotics. Anti-tubercular agents, Antifungal agents, antiviral drugs, anti-leprotic drugs. Chemotherapy of protozoal diseases, Anthelmintic drugs. Chemotherapy of cancer.

 

 Disinfectants and Antiseptics.

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Pharmacology & Toxicology (PCI, D.PHARM, 2 Year)

Pharmacology & Toxicology (PCI, D.PHARM, 2 Year)

Dr. Prashant Kumar, Umesh Kumar, Amit Pratap Singh

ISBN No.- 978-93-88280-78-5

Write your review