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Social Security and Labour Welfare

Prof. (Dr.) Deepak Sharma & Nisha Aggarwal

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Punjab Technical University (PTU), MBA, Third Semester
Syllabus
 
MBA 961: SOCIAL SECURITY & LABOUR WELFARE
 
Max. Marks: 100                                                                                                      External Assessment: 60
                                                                                                                                 Internal Assessment: 40
 
Unit-I
The Concept of Scope of Social Security. Social Assistance and Social Insurance Evolution of Social Security. Law Relating to Social Security Payment of Wages Act, 1936.
 
Unit-II
Scope, Importance, Features and Implications of the following Acts as applicable inIndia:
Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
 
Unit-III
Scope, Importance, Features and Implications of the following Acts as Applicable inIndia:
Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provision Act, 1952
Gratuity Act, 1972
 
I.L.O and Social Security.
The Concept of Labour Welfare: Definition, Scope and Objectives, Welfare Work and Social Work.
 
Unit-IV
Evolution of Labour Welfare, Classification of Welfare Work, Agencies for Welfare Work. Welfare Activities of Government ofIndia; Welfare Work by Trade Unions Labour Welfare Work by Voluntary Social Organizations. Labour Administration; Agencies for Administrating Labour Welfare Laws inIndia.
 
Note: Relevant Case Studies should be discussed in class.
Unit-I
Chapter 1: Introduction to Social Security
1.1.          Social Security
12
1.1.1.       Concept of Social Security
12
1.1.2.       Features of Social Security
12
1.1.3.       Scope of Social Security
12
1.1.4.       Objectives of Social Security
13
1.1.5.       Evolution of Social Security inIndia
13
1.1.6.       Measures of Social Security
15
1.1.7.       Social Assistance
15
1.1.7.1.    Need of Social Assistance
16
1.1.7.2.    Characteristics of Social Assistance       Programmes
16
1.1.7.3.    Principles of Social Assistance Programmes
16
1.1.8.       Social Insurance
17
1.1.8.1.    Need of Social Insurance
17
1.1.8.2.    Characteristics of Social Insurance Programmes
17
1.1.8.3.    Types of Social Insurance Programmes
18
1.1.9.       Employers Liability
20
1.1.10.     Laws Relating to Social Security inIndia
20
1.1.11.     Drawbacks of Social Security Programmes
20
1.1.12.     Social Security Programmes in Different                Countries
21
1.2.          Exercise
22
 
 
Chapter 2: Payment of Wages Act, 1936
2.1.          Payment of Wages Act, 1936
23
2.1.1.       Introduction
23
2.1.2.       Short Title, Extent, Commencement and                Application [Section 1]
23
2.1.3.       Definitions [Section 2]
23
2.1.4.       Rules for Payment of Wages
25
2.1.4.1.    Responsibility for Payment of Wages
25
2.1.4.2.    Fixation of Wage Periods [Section 4]
25
2.1.4.3.    Time of Payment of Wages [Section 5]
25
2.1.4.4.    Medium of Payment of Wages (Wages to be         Paid in Current Coin or Currency Notes)
25
2.1.5.       Deduction from Wages [Section 7]
26
2.1.5.1.    Meaning of Deduction [Section 7(1)]
26
2.1.5.2.    Maximum Amount of Deduction
26
2.1.5.3.    Kind of Deductions [Section 7(2)]
26
2.1.6.       Maintenance of Registers and Records
29
2.1.7.       Enforcement of the Act
29
2.1.7.1.    Inspectors [Section 14]
29
2.1.7.2.    Powers, Functions and the Status of Inspectors
29
2.1.7.3.    Appointment of Authority [Section 15(1)]
30
2.1.7.4.    Single Application in Respect of Claims from       Unpaid Group [Section 16]
31
2.1.7.5.    Appeal [Section 17]
32
2.1.7.6.    Conditional Attachment of Property of                 Employer or Other Person Responsible for           Payment of Wages [Section 17-A]
32
2.1.7.7.    Penalty for Offences under the Act [Section 20]
32
2.1.7.8.    Procedure in Trial of Offences [Section 21]
33
2.1.7.9.    Bar of Suits [Section 22]
34
2.1.7.10.  Protection of Action taken in Good Faith
34
2.1.7.11.  Contracting Out [Section 23]
34
2.1.7.12.  Delegation of Powers [Section 24]
34
2.1.7.13.  Display by Notice of Abstracts of the Act
34
2.1.7.14.  Payment of Undisbursed Wages in cases of           Death of Employed Person [Section 25-A]
34
2.1.7.15.  Rule-Making Power [Section 26]
35
2.2.          Exercise
36
Unit-II
Chapter 3: Minimum Wages Act, 1948 and Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
3.1.          Minimum Wages Act, 1948
38
3.1.1.       Introduction
38
3.1.2.       Features of the Act
38
3.1.3.       Scope of the Act
39
3.1.4.       Importance of the Act
39
3.1.5.       Definitions [Section 2]
39
3.1.6.       Fixation and Revision of Wages
40
3.1.6.1.    Fixing of Minimum Rates of Wages [Section 3]
41
3.1.6.2.    Minimum Number of Employees
41
3.1.6.3.    Minimum Time Rates [Section 3(2)]
41
3.1.6.4.    Different Minimum Rates [Section 3(3)]
41
3.1.6.5.    Minimum Rates of Wages [Section 4(1)]
42
3.1.6.6.    Procedure for Fixing and Revising Minimum         Wages [Section 5]
42
3.1.6.7.    Advisory Boards [Section 7]
42
3.1.6.8.    Central Advisory Board [Section 8]
43
3.1.6.9.    Composition of Committees and Advisory           Board [Section 9]
43
3.1.7.       Safeguard in Payment of Minimum Wages
43
3.1.7.1.    Wages in Kind [Section 11]
43
3.1.7.2.    Payment of Minimum Rates of Wages
43
3.1.7.3.    Fixing Hours for aNormalWorking Day, etc.
43
3.1.7.4.    Rates of Overtimes [Section 14]
43
3.1.7.5.    Wages of Worker who Works for Less than           Normal Working Day [Section 15]
43
3.1.7.6.    Wages for Two or More Classes of Work
44
3.1.7.7.    Minimum Time Rate Wages for Piece Work
44
3.1.7.8.    Maintenance of Registers and Records
44
3.1.8.       Enforcement of the Act
44
3.1.8.1.    Inspectors [Section 19]
44
3.1.8.2.    Claims [Section 20]
45
3.1.8.3.    Bar of Suits [Section 24]
45
3.1.8.4.    Contracting Out [Section 25]
45
3.1.8.5.    Exemptions and Exceptions [Section 26]
46
3.1.9.       Penalties
46
3.1.9.1.    Penalties for Certain Offences [Section 22]
46
3.1.9.2.    General Provision for Punishment of Other           Offences [Section 22-A]
46
3.1.9.3.    Cognizance of Offences [Section 22-B]
46
3.1.9.4.    Offences by Companies [Section 22-C]
46
3.1.10.     Implications of the Act
47
3.2.          Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
47
3.2.1.       Introduction
47
3.2.2.       Features of the Act
47
3.2.3.       Scope of the Act
48
3.2.4.       Importance of the Act
49
3.2.5.       Definitions [Section 2]
49
3.2.6.       Number of Working Days
50
3.2.7.       Determination of Bonus
51
3.2.8.       Eligibility and Disqualification for Bonus
53
3.2.8.1.    Eligibility for Bonus [Section 8]
53
3.2.8.2.    Disqualification for Bonus [Section 9]
53
3.2.9.       Amount of Bonus
53
3.2.9.1.    Payment of Minimum Bonus [Section 10]
53
3.2.9.2.    Payment of Maximum Bonus  [Section 11]
53
3.2.10.     Set-On and Set-Off of Allocable Surplus
53
3.2.11.     Time-Limit for Payment of Bonus [Section 19]
54
3.2.12.     Maintenance of Register, Records, etc.
54
3.2.13.     Inspectors [Section 27]
54
3.2.14.     Penalty and Offences
55
3.2.14.1.  Penalty [Section 28]
55
3.2.14.2.  Offences by Companies [Section 29]
55
3.2.14.3.  Cognizance of Offences [Section 30]
55
3.2.14.4.  Protection of Action Taken Under the Act
55
3.2.15.     Special Provisions with Respect to Payment of    Bonus Linked with Production or Productivity
55
3.2.16.     Power of Exemption [Section 36]
56
3.2.17.     Power to Make Rules [Section 38]
56
3.2.18.     Implications of the Act
56
3.3.          Exercise
56
 
 
Chapter 4: Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 and Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
4.1.          Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
57
4.1.1.       Introduction
57
4.1.2.       Features of the Act
57
4.1.3.       Scope of the Act
57
4.1.4.       Importance of the Act
58
4.1.5.       Definitions [Section 2]
58
4.1.6.       Provisions Related to Employees’         Compensation
60
4.1.6.1.    Employer’s Liability for Compensation
60
4.1.6.2.    Cases where Employer is Not Liable
61
4.1.6.3.    Amount of Compensation [Section 4]
61
4.1.6.4.    Method of Calculating Wages [Section 5]
62
4.1.6.5.    Review [Section 6]
62
4.1.6.6.    Commutation of Half-Monthly Payments
63
4.1.6.7.    Distribution of Compensation [Section 8]
63
4.1.6.8.    Compensation not to be Assigned, Attached or     Charged [Section 9]
63
4.1.6.9.    Notice and Claim [Section 10]
64
4.1.6.10.  Power to Require from Employers Statements      Regarding Fatal Accident [Section 10-A]
64
4.1.6.11.  Reports of Fatal Accidents and Serious Bodily     Injuries [Section 10-B]
64
4.1.6.12.  Medical Examination [Section 11]
65
4.1.6.13.  Contracting [Section 12]
65
4.1.6.14.  Insolvency of Employer [Section 14]
66
4.1.6.15.  Contracting Out [Section 17]
66
4.1.7.       Enforcement of the Act
66
4.1.7.1.    Commissioners [Section 19]
66
4.1.7.2.    Appointment of Commissioners [Section 20]
66
4.1.7.3.    Venue of Proceedings and Transfer [Section 21]
66
4.1.7.4.    Form of Application [Section 22]
67
4.1.7.5.    Power of Commissioner to Require Further           Deposit in Cases of Fatal Accident
67
4.1.7.6.    Powers and Procedure of Commissioners
68
4.1.7.7.    Appearance of Parties [Section 24]
68
4.1.7.8.    Method of Recording Evidence [Section 25]
68
4.1.7.9.    Time Limit for Disposal of Cases relating to         Compensation [Section 25-A]
68
4.1.7.10.  Costs [Section 26]
68
4.1.7.11.  Power to Submit Cases [Section 27]
68
4.1.7.12.  Registration of Agreements [Section 28]
68
4.1.7.13.  Effect of Failure to Register Agreement
69
4.1.7.14.  Appeals [Section 30]
69
4.1.8.       Rules
69
4.1.8.1.    Power of the State Government to Make Rules
69
4.1.8.2.    Publication of Rules [Section 34]
70
4.1.8.3.    Rules to Give Effect to Arrangements with           Other Countries for the Transfer of Money Paid as Compensation [Section 35]
70
4.1.8.4.    Rules Made by Central Government to be Laid     Before Parliament [Section 36]
71
4.1.9.       Penalties [Section 18-A]
71
4.1.10.     Implications of the Act
71
4.2.          Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
71
4.2.1.       Introduction
71
4.2.2.       Features of the Act
72
4.2.3.       Scope of the Act
72
4.2.4.       Importance of the Act
72
4.2.5.       Definitions [Section 3]
72
4.2.6.       Employment of or Work by Woman Prohibited    during Certain Periods [Section 4]
73
4.2.7.       Provisions Related to Maternity Benefit
74
4.2.7.1.    Right to Payment of Maternity Benefits
74
4.2.7.2.    Continuance of Payment of Maternity Benefit in Certain Cases [Section 5-A]
74
4.2.7.3.    Payment of Maternity Benefits in Certain Cases
74
4.2.7.4.    Notice of Claim for Maternity Benefit and            Payment thereof [Section 6]
74
4.2.7.5.    Payment for Maternity Benefit in Case of Death of a Woman [Section 7]
75
4.2.7.6.    Payment of Medical Bonus [Section 8]
75
4.2.7.7.    No Deduction of Wages in Certain Cases
75
4.2.7.8.    Forfeiture of Maternity Benefit [Section 18]
75
4.2.8.       Leave and Nursing Breaks
75
4.2.8.1.    Nursing Breaks [Section 11]
76
4.2.8.2.    Dismissal During Absence or Pregnancy
76
4.2.9.       Inspectors [Section 14]
76
4.2.9.1.    Power and Duties of Inspector [Section 15]
76
4.2.9.2.    Power of Inspector to Direct Payments to be        Made [Section 17]
76
4.2.10.        Power to Make Rules [Section 28]
77
4.2.11.     Penalties and Offences
77
4.2.11.1.  Penalty for Contravention of Act by Employer
77
4.2.11.2.  Penalty for obstructing Inspector [Section 22]
77
4.2.11.3.  Cognizance of Offences [Section 23]
78
4.2.12.     Implications of the Act
78
4.3.          Exercise
78
 
 
Unit-III
Chapter 5: ESI Act, 1948 and EPF Act, 1952
5.1.          Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
80
5.1.1.       Introduction
80
5.1.2.       Features of the Act
80
5.1.3.       Scope of the Act
80
5.1.4.       Importance of the Act
81
5.1.5.       Definitions [Section 2]
81
5.1.6.       Registration of Factories and Establishments
84
5.1.7.       Employees’ State Insurance Corporation
84
5.1.7.1.    Constitution of the E.S.I. Corporation
84
5.1.7.2.    Powers of the E.S.I.                Corporation
84
5.1.7.3.    Duties of the E.S.I. Corporation
85
5.1.8.       Standing Committee
86
5.1.8.1.    Constitution of Standing Committee [Section 8]
86
5.1.8.2.    Powers of the Standing Committee [Section 18]
86
5.1.9.       Medical Benefit Council
86
5.1.9.1.    Constitution of Medical Benefit Council
86
5.1.9.2.    Powers and Duties of the Medical Benefit             Council [Section 22]
87
5.1.10.     Finance and Audit
87
5.1.10.1.  Employees’ State Insurance Fund [Section 26]
87
5.1.10.2.  Purposes for Which the Fund May be Expended
87
5.1.10.3.  Administrative Expenses [Section 28-A]
88
5.1.10.4.  Vesting of the Property in the Corporation
88
5.1.10.5.  All Employees to Be Insured [Section 38]
88
5.1.11.     Contributions [Section 39]
88
5.1.11.1.  Principal Employer to Pay Contributions in the    First Instance [Section 40]
89
5.1.11.2.  Recovery of Contribution from Immediate            Employer [Section 41]
89
5.1.11.3.  General Provisions as to Payment of     Contributions [Section 42]
90
5.1.11.4.  Method of Payment of Contribution
90
5.1.12.     Benefits [Section 46]
90
5.1.13.     Penalties [Section 84 to 86]
95
5.1.14.     Implications of the Act
97
5.2.          Employees’ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous    Provisions Act, 1952
98
5.2.1.       Introduction
98
5.2.2.       Features of the Act
98
5.2.3.       Scope of the Act
99
5.2.4.       Importance of the Act
99
5.2.5.       Definitions [Section 2]
99
5.2.6.       Schemes under the Act
101
5.2.7.       Employees’ Provident Fund Scheme
101
5.2.8.       Employees’ Pension Scheme
103
5.2.9.       Employees’ Deposit-Linked Insurance Scheme
104
5.2.9.3.    Administration of the Insurance Fund
104
5.2.10.     Administration of the Schemes
104
5.2.11.     Employees’ Provident Funds Appellate Tribunal
107
5.2.12.     Inspectors [Section 13]
111
5.2.13.     Penalties and Offences
112
5.2.14.     Implications of the Act
113
5.3.          Exercise
114
 
 
Chapter 6: Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and ILO
6.1.          Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
115
6.1.1.       Introduction
115
6.1.2.       Features of the Act
115
6.1.3.       Scope of the Act
115
6.1.4.       Importance of the Act
116
6.1.5.       Definitions
116
6.1.6.       Controlling Authority [Section 3]
117
6.1.7.       Payment & Forfeiture of Gratuity & Exemption
117
6.1.7.1.    Conditions for Payment of Gratuity [Section 4]
117
6.1.7.2.    Quantum of Gratuity
118
6.1.7.3.    Maximum Gratuity
118
6.1.7.4.    Gratuity on Reduced Wages due to Disablement
118
6.1.7.5.    Forfeiture of Gratuity
119
6.1.7.6.    Compulsory Insurance [Section 4-A]
119
6.1.7.7.    Power to Exempt [Section 5]
119
6.1.7.8.    Nomination [Section 6]
120
6.1.8.       Determination and Recovery of Gratuity
120
6.1.8.1.    Determination of the Amount of Gratuity
120
6.1.8.2.    Inspectors [Section 7-A]
121
6.1.8.3.    Recovery of Gratuity [Section 8]
122
6.1.9.       Penalties and Offences
122
6.1.9.1.    Penalties [Section 9]
122
6.1.9.2.    Exemption of Employer from Liability in              Certain Cases [Section 10]
122
6.1.9.3.    Cognizance of Offences [Section 11]
123
6.1.10.     Miscellaneous
123
6.1.10.1.  Protection of Action Taken in Good Faith
123
6.1.10.2.  Protection of Gratuity [Section 13]
123
6.1.10.3.  Act to Override other Enactments, etc.
123
6.1.10.4.  Power to Make Rules [Section 15]
123
6.1.11.     Implications of the Act
124
6.2.          International Labour Organisation (ILO)
124
6.2.1.       Introduction
124
6.2.2.       Scope of ILO
124
6.2.3.       Objectives of ILO
124
6.2.4.       Principles of ILO
125
6.2.5.       Structure of ILO
125
6.2.5.1.    International Labour Conference (ILC)
125
6.2.5.2.    Governing Body
126
6.2.5.3.    International Labour Office
127
6.2.6.       Membership of ILO
127
6.2.7.       Roles of ILO
127
6.2.8.       ILO and Social Security
129
6.2.9.       Conventions and Recommendations
130
6.2.9.1.    Conventions of ILO
130
6.2.9.2.    Recommendations of ILO
132
6.3.          Exercise
132
 
 
Unit-IV
Chapter 7: Labour Welfare and Administration
7.1.          Labour Welfare
134
7.1.1.       Concept and Definition of Labour Welfare
134
7.1.2.       Features of Labour Welfare
134
7.1.3.       Scope of Labour Welfare
135
7.1.4.       Objectives of Labour Welfare
135
7.1.5.       Evolution of Labour Welfare
135
7.1.5.1.    Pre-Independence Era
136
7.1.5.2.    Post-Independence Era
137
7.1.6.       Principles of Labour Welfare
138
7.1.7.       Welfare Work and Social Work
138
7.1.8.       Classification of Welfare Work
139
7.1.8.1.    Statutory Welfare Programmes
139
7.1.8.2.    Non-Statutory/Voluntary Welfare Programmes
140
7.1.8.3.    Intra Mural Welfare Activities
141
7.1.8.4.    Extra Mural Welfare Activities
142
7.1.9.       Theories of Labour Welfare
142
7.1.10.     Agencies for Welfare Work
143
7.1.10.1.  Welfare Activities of Government ofIndia
143
7.1.10.2.  Welfare Work by Trade Unions
144
7.1.10.3.  Labour Welfare Work by Voluntary Social            Organisations
147
7.1.10.4.  Welfare Work by Employers
148
7.1.11.     Advantages of Labour Welfare Measures
149
7.1.12.     Disadvantages of Labour Welfare Measures
150
7.2.          Labour Administration
150
7.2.1.       Introduction of Labour Administration
150
7.2.2.       Scope of Labour Administration
150
7.2.3.       Evolution of Labour Administration inIndia
151
7.2.4.       Labour Policy inIndia
151
7.2.4.1.    Postulates of Labour Policy
152
7.2.4.2.    Labour Policy Highlights
152
7.2.5.       Agencies for Administrating Labour Welfare         Laws inIndia
152
7.2.5.1.    Agencies at Central Level
153
7.2.5.2.    Agencies at State Level
154
7.2.5.3.    Agencies at Plant Level
156
7.2.6.       Importance of Labour Administration
156
7.3.          Exercise
156
 
 
Case Studies
157
Solved Paper – 2010
164
Solved Paper – 2011
171
Solved Paper – 2012
178
Classification
186
Model Papers
188

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Social Security and Labour Welfare

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Prof. (Dr.) Deepak Sharma & Nisha Aggarwal

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